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How to Write a Dissertation

The successful defense of a dissertation implies the awarding of the degree of Candidate of Sciences. After that, a person has more opportunities for teaching, their salary increases, and their social status rises. There are other reasons why people try to prepare and write a dissertation, for example, for many it becomes the first step to a serious scientific activity.


Where to start

Time Planning

Writing a dissertation is a long process that requires an investment of not only time, but also finances. For this reason, when thinking about the possibility of preparing such a study, it is necessary to clearly determine your own motivation and capabilities to bring to the end of the initiated matter.


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With one hundred percent interest and confidence in your own capabilities, it is necessary to use time management - to determine the intervals of time that will be spent on scientific work for a day, week, month.



When allocating time, it is necessary to take into account that in most cases, once the project plan appears and work on the text begins, the situation will change. After consulting with the supervisor, studying archival materials, and other circumstances, certain fragments will require revision and clarification, which will take additional time, stretching the overall process. In this regard, you should not be very optimistic about the cost of time, considering the usual intervals required to prepare a diploma or article in a scientific journal. It is necessary to understand that as the volume of scientific work increases, so do the requirements for it, there are more mistakes and inaccuracies that need to be found and corrected, and all this takes time.


Publishing scholarly articles

Often applicants are advised to start with the publication of articles in scientific journals, but this is only possible in a situation where there is a clear idea of the research topic and gained some material. In other words, in most situations this will be far from the initial stage of the work. At the same time, one should not forget that the prepared text of the thesis will give more opportunities for writing articles and for in-depth consideration of various aspects of the study. For this reason, at the very beginning of the work, it is not worth rushing to prepare articles.


Stages of writing

Regardless of the chosen topic and other features of a particular dissertation, its preparation implies a certain sequence of actions, an algorithm. Some of its stages can be interchanged (for example, it is not fundamentally important what to do before - to write a research plan or to work through the sources), but this is rather an exception to the rule. Clear and complete implementation of individual points guarantee the rapid preparation of the entire work.


Finding a topic

This is the initial stage of the work, determining many further processes.


Possible options:

  • There is a research topic and a supervisor. This is the ideal situation (it is possible, for example, if it is planned to continue the research started in the thesis). The advantage of this method is that both the applicant and the supervisor have a clear understanding of the subject of the research. This will greatly reduce the time it takes to prepare a paper.

  • There is a research area of interest, but no supervisor. For example, this may be the case when an employee of a project organization wants to prepare a dissertation on the topic of their work. In this case they need to contact the relevant department and, after discussing the specifics of their research, go through the attachment procedure.

  • There is a supervisor, but no topic. This is possible if the applicant is interested in the scientific school of a certain scientist, and wants to tie his life to research in this direction. In this case, the problem is solved during a personal conversation - by learning about the capabilities and interests of a particular person, the supervisor will be able to advise them on the topic of research so that the work will progress most effectively.


Defining the task and purpose of the work

The goal is the result the thesis author wants to achieve. Traditionally, research formulates only one goal (but it can be multidimensional).


Objectives - the ways to achieve the goal. Structurally, it resembles an algorithm with individual steps, so, unlike the goal, there may be several tasks.

Usually, the number of tasks coincides with the number of chapters in the thesis. For example, you can prepare such a list:

  • Disclosure of the problem and analysis of the literature on the issue.

  • Review of ways to solve the problem. This part is theoretical in nature.

  • Application of the options discussed in the previous paragraph. Here the emphasis will be on practice.



Work with sources

Before starting to prepare the main text of the thesis, it is necessary to get acquainted with the coverage of the issue in the profile scientific literature.


Such work implies:

  1. Determining the range of books, scientific articles, normative acts, archival documents and other sources that will be used when working on the thesis. At this stage, you can already begin to prepare a section on the study in the scientific literature of the chosen topic and show the novelty of the chosen approach.

  2. Making a bibliography. There is no standard on the number of sources, but it is believed that they must be at least 150.

  3. Searching the scientific literature for arguments that support the thesis author's point of view.

  4. Selecting the citations you will use in the text with reference to the sources.

  5. Writing a project plan.


In this case, the author makes an approximate content of their research. This will simplify their work in the future, as it will visually show them the structure and help control the preparation of individual parts.


Working on the parts of the project

Having worked through the structure of the thesis, you can start writing it. At the first stage, the researcher can prepare:

  • An introduction with a section on the relevance of the study and its scientific significance.

  • Review of sources, showing how the chosen topic is covered in scientific literature.

  • The beginning of the first chapter with the statement of the problem and the basic questions of the work.

  • If the thesis involves experiments or laboratory research, it is not necessary to delay their conduct. Firstly, because the results obtained will largely become the material for further exposition. Secondly, it may turn out that one series of experiments will not be enough, and it will be necessary to repeat them, which will take additional time.


After completing the work on the dissertation, you need to check it with the help of anti-plagiarism services. The acceptable level of uniqueness for works of this level is 85-90%, although in some cases it may be less (for example, if the work contains many citations from regulations).

Tasha Reynolds

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